Continuing my exploration of the Green House Project, I will now turn to the second core value of the model, “Empowered Staff.” Empowered staff refers primarily to the workers who provide direct care.
The Green House term for a caregiver is “Shahbaz” (plural: Shahbazim). Shahbaz means “royal falcon” in Persian and is meant to convey a person worthy of respect, someone who is valued. The title is representative of the Green House Model’s investment in and support of the workers closest to the Elders.
The Shahbazim perform the same basic personal care duties as CNAs in a traditional long-term care setting, but along with the new title they are given a significantly expanded role which makes them responsible for the day to day management of the home. They make decisions that would normally be made by supervisors or mid-level managers. These include decisions involving scheduling, food preparation, laundry, housekeeping and care planning. They rotate the leadership roles – typically each quarter – so that each shahbaz takes a turn coordinating each of these functions.
This organizational structure is often characterized as a “flattened hierarchy.” However, while the homes are operated by self-managed work teams, the Shahbazim do not work unsupported. They report to a “Guide,” an experienced LTC professional with extensive training in coaching skills. The Guide is responsible for providing the team with support, accountability and the resources necessary for the Shahbazim to succeed.
While it would be easy for a caregiver to simply regard the Guide as just another kind of supervisor, the core value of Empowered Staff requires the Guide to leave the day to day problem solving in the hands of the Shahbazim. A Shahbaz must be willing to receive coaching and grow into these new roles. In this sense, empowerment is not simply a matter of delegating responsibility, but it is a process that depends on the personal and professional growth and development of individual caregivers.
How and why this organizational structure works from a caregiver’s perspective will be the subject of upcoming posts.